How Do Chef Schools Work?

Culinary schools give aspiring chefs their best shot at making it to the big time, especially those admitted by the American Culinary Federation. Just like any other profession, many of the better hospitality establishments base their hiring practices not only upon the length of education the applicant provides, but also where that education was obtained. Tuition runs the gamut from relatively inexpensive courses offered by local community colleges all the way to the Culinary Institute of America's breathtaking $ 40,000 price tag. And what does not tuition cover? Oh, just uniforms, textbooks, cutlery, and other necessary kitchen equipment.

Curriculum different from school to school, but most of the culinary student's time is consumed in learning the ins and outs of cooking by actually doing it under close supervision. Participants not only prepare food, but also learn how to plan menus, minimize food costs, buy food and supplies in quantities, and how to appropriately choose and store food. Learning proper hygiene and local public health rules also play a large part in a culinary student's education.

Classes are sometimes offered all day, taking a complete eight hours, while at some schools, classes are broken into morning and afternoon sessions. There are usually lectures, and then demonstrations followed by hands-on practice time with students applying the techniques demonstrated earlier. Some schools even offer part-time professional classes to accomodate working cooks wanting to increase their formal education.

A number of educational seminars are available, among them:

The American Academy of Chefs Chair's Scholarship – Ten $ 1,000 scholarships awarded each year

The American Academy of Chefs Chaine des Rotisseurs Scholarship – Twenty $ 1,000 scholarships awarded annually

National Restaurant Association Educational Foundation (NRAEF) – Three annual $ 2,000 scholarships for high school seniors and undergraduate students

Because years of training and experience are needed to reach the level of executive chef in most well-paying restaurants, many students are serious about this profession beginning their training in high school through voluntary programs, then go on to a two- or four-year college or university. Apprenticeship programs offer more training afterward, and these come from individual eating establishments and are given by a personal mentor or from professional institutions and associations such as the American Culinary Federation.

Apprenticeship lasts usually about three years and is most often known as the years of "grunt work" – doing all the chopping, grating, peeling, slicing, and washing necessary to prepare the ingredients for the chefs. Even cleaning appliances, sweeping and mopping floors, and other seemingly unaffiliated "chef" work gets done by the apprentice as part of his or her learning experience. Often this "trial-by-fire" period separates the truly devoted caf├ęs-to-be from those who are merely good cooks.

It is not impossible to attain the status of executive chef without the benefit of formal education, but in today's job market, most establishments (especially the finer hotels and restaurants) now require some type of certification to work in this capacity. Like a degree of any sort, formal training in the culinary arts may not mean you are another Julia Child or Paul Prudhomme, but it does at least signify that you've got what it takes to get through the school. So stop trying to think of ways to take shortcuts, get your tuition together, and go learn what you need to attain your dream!

7 Ways to Experience Warmth This Holiday Sales Season

Feeling a little glum this holiday season? Many people do. Psychologists tell us that their client business really picks up around this time of year. Why is that? Are not the holidays designed to bring out the best in people? Do they really? Many people are lonely, even in a crowd, feeling isolated and apart from caring family and friends. Quite possibly, they feel that no one really cares or even cares enough to listen.

While these issues may vary as far and wide as the individuals in question, there is a common thread among all of us. That thread is purpose . In his huge best-seller, A Purpose Driven Life , Rick Warren outlines the case for purpose and answers the question "What on Earth am I here for?" Purpose make all of the difference and can supersede any circumstances as long as we do not allow ourselves to wallow in self-pity or selfishness.

Many salespeople experience a flood of negative emotions during the holidays. retailers notice both an increase in hostility and a decrease in patience and manners among customers. Field salespeople, often already excluded from their co-workers, often experience a discouraging slowdown in business and the customer's desire to put off purchasing decisions until after the first of the new year. Furthermore, these salespeople often are on the front lines of poor human behavior, sometimes falling victim to the wrath of an angry customer.

I submit to you that this Christmas season can be different and wonderful for you. You can make a real difference in your own life and affect countless others in the process. How? Simply do something positive for another human being without any expectation of payback or benefit to yourself. Start with the following:

1. Give of yourself.

2. Be a friend.

3. Lend an ear.

4. Provide a shoulder.

5. Pick someone else up.

6. Offer encouragement.

7. Smile

Did you note that none of these were financial or involved material things in any way? The truly important things in life seldom are. Remember, what comes around, goes around. We do reap what we sow.

So today, help out at your local soup kitchen, Salvation Army or faith-based facility. Invite a college student or military person with now to go over to your home for Christmas dinner. Look for opportunities to provide little services for others, often going unnoticed. In so doing, you will warm up and discover joy and purpose, leading to fulfillment and happiness this Holiday Season.

Try these seven activities and see for yourself. When January, 2008 arrives, you will be more than ready, emotionally charged, changed and expectant of a banner year.

Everything You Need To Know About Shared And Reseller Hosting

Shared hosting or virtual hosting is when multiple websites share the same server. The advantage of using a shared hosting service is that it is highly cost effective. Dedicated hosting plans where only one website is hosted on a server are highly expensive.

A shared hosting server will have hundreds of websites on it. The arrangement still works out fine and all the websites get the resources they need because most websites do not attract a large number of visitors.

Who can use it?

Well, shared hosting is more than enough to meet the needs of most websites. It is ideal for personal websites and small or medium sized online businesses. It may not be the right option if you run a large e-commerce website that attracts millions of visitors every week.

How it works?

Shared hosting works on the basic assumption that most websites would not use a large portion of the disk space and bandwidth allotted to them. Most shared hosting providers will give you more disk space and data transfer than you will ever use. If all the websites on the server used their quota, shared hosting won’t work. In reality, however, few sites manage to exceed their quota. Most of them don’t even use even 10% of that. As a result of this the service provider will have lots of free space available on the server.

The only real problem with shared hosting arises when a hosting service provider decides to oversell. If the service provider allows thousands of sites to be on the same server, all the sites will be slow because they will be constantly fighting with one another for memory and bandwidth. Fortunately, most web hosts are sensible enough to prevent such a situation from happening in the first place.

Reseller web hosting

Reseller hosting is a type of web hosting which allows an account owner to resell the hard disk space and bandwidth he has purchased to third parties.

The reseller purchases huge amounts of hard drive space and bandwidth from a large web hosting provider and then sells them to customers, usually for a profit. Some resellers rent a dedicated server from a web host. Others simply resell shared hosting services. Most resellers are web design firms or web developers. Most web hosts allow resellers to create their own service plans and pricing structures. Some even offer customized control panels and servers.

You can be a reseller even if you are not an expert on the technical aspects of web hosting. Most resellers simply forward software, hardware and connectivity problems to the data center. However, they have to deal with other problems that their customers might experience.

Reseller hosting is suitable for small blogs and online businesses. Websites that receive high volumes of traffic shouldn’t opt for a reseller plan, simply because a reseller cannot give you more disk space or data transfer than what he has purchased. And because they host numerous websites, they will be forced to turn your site off if it consumes more resources than they can afford.

Investing in the Commercial Tampa Real Estate Market

For years, financial expert have made it clear that one of the best investments that a person can make is real estate. Of course, in this day and age – as has been the case throughout history – the most important investment most people ever make during the course of a lifetime is that of his or her primary residence. Indeed, you may be like many, many people who have invested a significant amount of their life savings in your own home.

With that said, you may also be interested in making the purchase of additional Tampa real estate for investment purposes. Of course, a good number of people who take this course end up buying residential real estate that they either remodel and resell (oftentimes called flipping) or that they utilize as rental property. On the other hand, an increasing number of people are also investing in commercial real estate as a means of enhancing their financial portfolios.

If you are interested in investing in commercial real estate in your community, there are five tips or pointers that you need to keep in mind before you make the plunge and make the purchase of commercial real estate for your own investment portfolio.

1. Learn how to identify appropriately the most suitable commercial real estate prospects. In other words, you need to take the time to consider which types of commercial real estate options will make the most sense for your overall financial portfolio.

2. Learn the basics of commercial real estate investing. You need to understand and appreciate that there are some significant differences between purchasing and owing residential real estate as opposed to investing in commercial real estate.

3. Learn how to quickly assess and evaluate different potential commercial real estate transactions. The Tampa real estate market can be competitive for commercial property. Therefore, you need to be able to swiftly analyze a particular investment to determine if it is appropriate to your situation. A professional Tampa real estate agent can be helpful in aiding you in these calculations.

4. Come to a logical understanding of all factors relating to a particular commercial real estate opportunity and the financing you can access for the purchase. The bottom line is you need to understand what your financial obligations will be when it comes to purchasing a particular piece of property. You need to make certain that it is an investment that you not only can afford but that will financially benefit you well into the future.

5. Come to an understanding of the potential risks and benefits associated with becoming involved in any Tampa real estate transaction. In other words, you will want to undertake a cost and benefit analysis. Generally speaking, the typical commercial real estate investor simply cannot afford to invest in such property that does not allow for a regular and strong stream of revenue. Indeed, it will be the revenue generated from the property that will service the mortgage loan that needs to be obtained to make the purchase and investment in the first instance.